Truce of God


Truce of God
Latin Treuga Dei, or Treva Dei. In the 10c Wido, bishop of Puy, persuaded knights and peasants to swear to protect Church property and not to plunder. At a more formal level, it can be traced back to the *Synod of Elne in 1027, which suspended all warfare from Saturday night until prime on Monday. This oath-taking spread widely, with the pacific intent deepening until, in theory, there were left only 80 days in any year in which waging war was permissible. To begin with, war was not permitted between sunset on Wednesday and sunrise on Monday of each week; saints' days also were included, as were festivals. The truce lasted during the seasons of Lent and Advent, the three great vigils and feasts of the Blessed Virgin, and those of the 12 apostles and a few other saints. The Synod of Therouanne decreed a Truce of God in 1063, while the Council of Clermont in 1095 pronounced a truce for all Christendom. Such a truce was impractical, but it grew from a noble impulse. It was precursor to the king's peace in England, where the kind of private warring which occurred on the continent, at which the truce was aimed, was not possible. The avowed purpose of the 'truce' was to prevent Christian from fighting and killing Christian, esp. when there were so many infidels in the world and the Holy Land needed liberation. -

Dictionary of Medieval Terms and Phrases. .

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Truce of God — • A temporary suspension of hostilities, as distinct from the Peace of God which is perpetual Catholic Encyclopedia. Kevin Knight. 2006. Truce of God     Truce of God      …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • Truce of God — Truce Truce, n. [OE. trewes, triwes, treowes, pl. of trewe a truce, properly, pledge of fidelity, truth, AS. tre[ o]w fidelity, faith, troth. See {True}.] 1. (Mil.) A suspension of arms by agreement of the commanders of opposing forces; a… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • truce of god — Usage: usually capitalized T & capitalized G Etymology: translation of Medieval Latin Treuga Dei : the cessation of hostilities between armies or individuals during part of the week (as from Wednesday evening to Monday morning) and during various …   Useful english dictionary

  • Truce of God — Measure by the medieval Roman Catholic Church to suspend warfare on certain days of the week and for certain church festivals and Lent. It was instituted in France as early as 1027, and elsewhere in Europe (excluding England) during the next… …   Universalium

  • truce of God — In medieval law, a truce or suspension of arms promulgated by the church, putting a stop to private hostilities at certain periods or during certain sacred seasons …   Black's law dictionary

  • Truce of God — ♦ A movement that began in the eleventh century which sought to forbid fighting on Sundays and the chief religious seasons and feasts. (Lynch, Joseph H. The Medieval Church: A Brief History, 365) See Peace of God …   Medieval glossary

  • truce of God —  Перемирие божественное …   Вестминстерский словарь теологических терминов

  • Truce of God — An armistice proclaimed by the church in medieval times …   Ballentine's law dictionary

  • Peace and Truce of God — The Peace and Truce of God was a medieval European movement of the Catholic Church that applied spiritual sanctions in order to limit the violence of private war in feudal society. The movement constituted the first organized attempt to control… …   Wikipedia

  • Truce — Truce, n. [OE. trewes, triwes, treowes, pl. of trewe a truce, properly, pledge of fidelity, truth, AS. tre[ o]w fidelity, faith, troth. See {True}.] 1. (Mil.) A suspension of arms by agreement of the commanders of opposing forces; a temporary… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English


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